Posts for: October, 2016
-What is the Achilles Tendon? It's the largest tendon in your body and it connects your calf muscles to your heel. It is used every time you stand, walk, and run.
-Achilles Tendonitis means inflammation of your Achilles tendon. It is often associated with overuse of the tendon and the tendon becomes inflamed and painful.
-There are 2 types of Achilles tendonitis: Noninsertional Achilles tendonitis and Insertional Achilles tendonitis. Noninsertional Achilles tendonitis is when the fibers in the middle of the tendon begin to breakdown, causing swelling, pain and thickening of the tendon. Insertional tendonitis involves the tendon at the point where it connects to the heel. The tendon begins to harden . In both cases of tendonitis, there is a possibility of bone spurs forming.
-Achilles tendonitis is not limited to active people. Although those with who are active may be at a slightly higher risk, anyone can get it. Some of the causes include increasing stress to the tendon suddenly, already formed bone spurs putting pressure on the tendon, having tight calf muscles, wearing high heels, and overuse of the tendon in any setting.
-Symptoms may include swelling of the back of your foot, your skin may feel warm to touch, limited movement of the foot, heel pain, pain while walking, stiffness of the foot, bone spurs, and swelling that worsens after activity.
-Early management can reduce the severity of the tendonitis! See your podiatrist as soon as symptoms begin.
-Treatment will vary depending on your individual case. You and your podiatrist will work together to find the best treatment plan for you. Some treatments may include rest, exercises, orthotics, cortisone injections, or surgical treatment as a last option.
When it comes to diabetes, you have a lot on your plate, such as managing your glucose, following your diet, and exercising. You may also be keeping follow up appointments with more than one doctor to manage your diabetes. But are one of those doctors your podiatrist? Whether or not diabetes is new to you, your podiatrist is an important resource in the management and care of your feet when it comes to managing your diabetes. Believe it or not, the number one reason diabetic people are hospitalized has to do with their feet! Foot wounds, ulcers, and infections due to poor diabetic management of your feet can land you in the hospital, which can lead to long bouts of hospitalization, therapy, infection, or possibly even amputation.
Why does diabetes wreck such havoc on your feet? Your body is making too much glucose which in turn can damage your nerves and cause nerve damage and poor circulation to your feet. When nerve damage occurs, you begin to lose feeling in your feet. It may begin as tingling or burning sensations in your feet which will eventually lead to numbness of the foot, often referred to as diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy is the end result of damaged nerve cells, which most often happens in the legs and feet in diabetic people. When you cannot feel your feet, you may not notice a tiny cut or skin changes that occur due to poor blood circulation that also occurs in people with diabetes. What tends to happen when these cuts, wounds, and skin changes go unnoticed is they become bigger and they become infected. Infection can lead to cellulitis, gangrene, ulcers, and loss of toes or the entire foot due to the need to amputate.
While you cannot control whether or not you feel your feet, you do still have control!! Start by controlling your blood sugar, following all recommended diets, and exercising. Always check your feet!! Use a mirror or ask someone to look at the bottoms of your feet everyday!!! Once you notice changes or abrasions to your skin, see your podiatrist as soon as possible. It us much easier to handle a small problem sooner while it is small. Diabetic people have a harder time healing wounds and cuts, so thinking it will heal itself because it is small is just not true. If you are not able to move much and spend lot of time sitting or lying down, you need to readjust your feet so pressure does not build up under one spot. This can lead to foot ulcers, which are treatable, but difficult to manage alone. It is always important to wear proper fitting shoes so that your feet do not rub the insides of the shoes and create tears to the skin of your feet. Wearing shoes inside and outside is always important because it helps prevent you from stepping on small rocks or glass that you would not otherwise feel.
If you have any questions, please feel free to call our office to set up an appointment! If you have a topic you would love to read about or a question you would like us to cover in our blog, please leave a comment here or on our Facebook page! We would love to hear from you!
Your feet are important. So it is important that you keep your feet healthy because your feet are vital in keeping the rest of your body fit and healthy too! Just how important are your feet to the rest of your body? Lets take a look!
-Ankles, Shins, and Knees: Proper footwear is vital to keeping proper ankle and knee alignment and it also helps prevent shin splints by giving your feet enough support and proper balance. Having flat feet can cause overpronation, which causes a decrease in shock absorption of the foot. So all those activities you do can cause lots of damage to your legs without the right support.
-Hips: Improper alignment of the feet is bad news for your hips. The imbalance can cause changes in the way walk, move, and feel and cause cause a lot of pain and damage if left untreated. Our feet are meant to absorb the shock of our movement in our everyday environments. When your feet hurt and you change the way you walk, you can start to put additional wear and tear on the joints of your hips.
-Lower Back: Spend a lot of time on your feet at work, at home, or out exercising? Your shoes could be to blame for your aching feet at the end of the day. Poorly fitted and worn out shoes create more work for your back. You may tend to redistribute the alignment of your back to accommodate your foot pain, weakening your back and legs and causing changes in the way you walk. Custom orthotics and frequent shoe replacement can significantly decrease the stress exuded on your back.
-Your heart: Sedentary lifestyle leads to a decreased quality of life. Walking, running, and exercise are vital to a healthy heart. Moving your lower legs and feet by walking helps move blood through your system creating a healthier heart by moving more blood and oxygen through your body. Peripheral artery disease can also cause problems for your feet by decreasing oxygen flow to your extremities. The American Heart Association recommends 30 minutes of aerobic exercise at least five days a week, so make sure you have well fitted shoes because walking is good for your heart and good for your feet!
-Your nervous system: Your body and your feet are constantly talking back and forth. Sometimes your nerves mix up those signals or stop sending them all together and the result is peripheral neuropathy. This can cause weakness, numbness and tingling in your feet. Diabetics tend to be affected because of nerve damage the occurs due to complications with diabetes, though it can happen to anyone. Peripheral neuropathy may not allow you to have feeling in your feet. If a wound or infection develops, it can affect the foot and infection can cause problems to the rest of the body if it enters the bloodstream.
As you can see, your whole body really works together. Your feet play a vital role in your overall health. Don't wait until you're in pain before you see a podiatrist! Preventative health care is important in maintaining a healthy and active lifestyle.